The city centre of Warsaw or centrum is made up out of 6 districts; Srodmiescie, Wola, Mokotow, Zoliborz, Ochota, Praga Polnoc, Praga Poludnie. The most central district is Srodmiescie, which contains the Old Town and New Town. Most of the city’s historical sights, landmarks and attractions can be found in this borough.
The tourist epicentre of the city is the Royal Route, which runs north-south from the New and Old Towns, past the fashionable shops of Nowy Swiat, the palaces that survived the war and the royal gardens of Lazienki Park, before reaching Wilanow Palace to the south of the city centre.
Downtown Warsaw is full of historical monuments and its landmarks are of either postwar construction or postwar reconstruction. Warsaw is the capital of Poland and boasts an array of National culture institutions such as the National Opera, The National Theater, The National Library, etc. The Warsaw Historical Museum occupies its northern side displaying collections from the city’s earlier history and documents of the WWII tragedy.
The famous Royal castle dates back to the thirteenth century and was once the official residence of Poland’s monarch. The castle was home to the personal offices of the King, as well as the Royal Court of Poland until the Partitions of Poland, which ended the sovereign Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the eighteenth century. The Royal Castle was partially destroyed by German bombers during World War II.
Much of Warsaw’s historic centre was painstakingly recreated in the years after World War II. Warsaw’s Old Town was declared an UNESCO World Heritage site in 1980.
The nightlife scene in Warsaw is one of the best in Eastern Europe. It offers a multitude of bars and clubs scattered across Warsaw.
Main squares located in Warsaw City Centre, Poland
Plac Bankowy or Bank Square — central downtown square adjacent to the Saxon Garden and Warsaw Arsenal and includes the include Blekitny Wiezowiec or the Blue Skyscraper.
Plac Konstytucji or Constitution Square — city centre plaza in the Srodmiescie district of Warsaw.
Plac Zelaznej Bramy or Iron Gate Square — square which took ?ts name fr?m ? large iron gate th?t once secured the western boundary ?f the Saxon Garden.
Plac Krasinskich or Krasinski Square — downtown Warsaw square in the historic centre, dominated by the Krasinski Palace, Warsaw Uprising Monument, modern building of the Supreme Court and the Field Cathedral of the Polish Army.
Rynek Nowego Miasta New Town Market Square — main square of the New Town reconstructed in the 18th century style after being completely destroyed during the Warsaw Uprising of 1944 in World War II.
Plac Defilad w Warszawie or Parade Square — newer city centre square between ulica Swietokrzyska (Holy Cross Street) in the north, Aleje Jerozolimskie (Jerusalem Avenues) in the south, ulica Marszalkowska (Marshal’s Street) in the east and the monumental Palace of Culture and Science, Warsaw from the west.
Plac Marszalka Jozefa Pilsudskiego or Pilsudski Square — largest of Warsaw’s downtown squares, located close to Saxon Gardens extending south-west, the Presidential Palace and the Evangelical Church.
Plac Teatralny or Theatre Square — plaza spanning from the Great Theatre building to the Senatorska Street. Landmarks on the square include the Great Theatre, Jablonowski Palace, Blank Palace, Saints Albert and Andrew Church, several old tenement houses and statues.