In the Vatican district you can some of Rome’s greatest landmarks, such as the Basilica di San Pietro, the Capella Sistina, and the Castel Sant’Angelo. The Vatican istself is principally composed by St. Peter’s Square with the famous Basilica, the Vatican Palaces and the beautiful gardens.
The Modern Center of Rome is home to the Via Veneto, Quirinale, Castro Pretorio, Repubblica, and Trevi neighborhoods. It’s the main center for shopping and nightlife in Rome, and an area with a huge assortment of b&b, hostels and cheaper hotels. The most famous attraction of the Modern Center is the Trevi Fountain. In 1732, Niccolò Salvi projected the most spectacular fountain of Rome, the Trevi Fountain. Just off Piazza di Trevi lies the Palazzo del Quirinale. It was formerly the summer residence for the Pope, and since 1947 is the official residence of the President of the Republic of Italy. Paintings of many great artists such as Botticelli and Pietro da Cortona are housed in the halls of the Quirinale. Nearby you’ll find the lovely little church of Sant’Andrea al Quirinale.
Main squares located in Rome City Centre, Italy
Piazza Navona — pituresque and one of the most beautiful squares in downtown Rome. The square is built on the former Domitian’s stadium, built by emperor Domitian in 86 AD, and dominated by the church of Sant’Agnese in Agone. In the center of the square stands the famous Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi or Fountain of the Four Riverso. The two other fountains on the piazza are the Fontana di Nettuno (Neptune fountain) at the northern end and the Fontana del Moro (Moor fountain) at the southern end.
Piazza della Rotonda — central Rome square in front of the Pantheon, surrounded by cafés, restaurants and hotels. In the center of the piazza is the Fontana del Pantheon fountain, surmounted by a Egyptian obelisk.
Piazza Venezia — downtown square adjacent the Palazzo Venezia, the former embassy of the city of the Republic of Venice.
Piazza del Popolo — large square near the Borghese Park, on the north side dominated by the Porta del Popolo, which leads to the Via Flaminia. An Egyptian obelisk of Ramesses II from Heliopolis stands in the centre of the Piazza. At the southern end of the square are two symmetrical churches on either side of the Via del Corso, the Santa Maria dei Miracoli and the Santa Maria in Montesanto.
Piazza San Pietro or St Peter’s Square — large plaza located directly in front of St. Peter’s Basilica in the Vatican City. Many excellent hotels are located within easy walking distance.
Piazza della Repubblica — piazza at the summit of the Viminal Hill, next to the Termini station.
Piazza di Spagna or Spanish Square — site of the Spanish Steps connecting the Piazza di Spagna to a French church (Trinità dei Monti). The long, triangular square is named after the Spanish Embassy to the Holy See.
Piazza Barberini — square in centro storico of Rome. The centerpiece of the Piazza Barberini is the Fountain of the Triton. Located on the plaza is the Barberini Palace, which is now home to the Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Antica (Museum of Ancient Art).
Piazza di Campo de’ Fiori — one of Rome’s oldest market is held on the piazza. A statue to Giordano Bruno stands in the center of the square.