Prague City Centre is formed by the Old Town, the New Town, the Jewish Quarter, Castle District and Lesser Town. Praha 1 is the oldest part of the city where you can find most historical landmarks and sights.
Plenty of great value accommodation can be found in all of Prague’s city center neighborhoods. Hotels, hostels, and boutique b&b’s offering good value accommodation just a few steps from the main squares, shops and restaurants. Some offer wired and wireless internet access, free of charge, in all guest rooms.
Prague City Centre in Czech Republic
Downtown Prague is compact and easy to explore on foot. The city itself is an open air museum with all main attractions and landmarks located within walking distance of each other. Praha 1, which is the oldest part of the city, and Praha 2 contains most important historic areas.
The city centre of Prague comprises five areas, spanning both sides of the Vltava River. On one side is the Old Town quarter or Stare Mesto with the Old Town Square, the New Town or Nove Mesto with Wenceslas Square and the Jewish Quarter or Josefov. On the other side of the river bank is the Lesser Quarter or Mala Strana of Prague, which leads up to Prague Castle in the Castle District or Hradcany. Other areas close to the city centre are: Vinohrady, Holesovice, Smichov, Karlin and Vysehrad.
OLD TOWN (Staré Mesto). Located on the right bank of the river Vltave and first mentioned in 1091. It is the oldest part of Prague. The centre of the Old Town has always been the Old Town Square dominated by the Church of Our Lady of Týn and the Town Hall. Main sights in the Old Town are The Astronomical Clock (Orloj) on Old Town Square, The Gothic Church of Our Lady, The vaulted Gothic Old New Synagogue, the Old Jewish Cemetery and Old New Synagogue, the Powder Tower, Museum of Decorative Arts, Spanish Synagogue, the Old Town Square, and the Municipal House.
NEW TOWN (Nové Mesto). The New Town of Prague is twice as large as the Old Town and was mainly inhabited by tradesmen and craftsmen. During the late 19th century its outer fortifications were demolished and redeveloped to its present appearance. Main sights in the New Town area are the historic Wenceslas Square, The National Museum, The National Theatre, The Dancing House, Charles Square, The Emmaus monastery and WW Memorial at Palacky Square, Stiassny’s Jubilee Synagogue, and the Mucha Museum.
JEWISH QUARTER (Josefov). The Jewish quarter is named after the emperor Josef II, whose reforms helped to ease living conditions for the Jewish. The Quarter contains the remains of Prague’s former Jewish ghetto.
LESSER TOWN (Malá Strana) and Castle District (Hradčany). The Lesser Town is the area around Prague Castle and the location of most governmental authorities, including Czech Parliament. The Lesser Town is founded was 1257 and included Charles Bridge, which is Prague’s most familiar monument.
Main squares located in Prague City Centre, Czech Republic
Welceslas Square or Václavské námìstí — The Wenceslas Square is the main centre of modern Prague surrounded by shops, cinemas, office blocks, hotels, restaurants and cafés.
Old Town Square or Staroměstské náměstí — historical square in downtown Prague, located between Wenceslas Square and the Charles Bridge. The square is dominated by the gothic Tyn Church and baroque St. Nicholas Church. The Astronomical Clock and Old Town Hall are also situated on this square.
Charles Square or Karlovo náměstí — city center plaza in the New Town area of Prague. It is one of the largest squares in the world and very likely the largest medieval square in Europe.
Jan Palach Square or Náměstí Jana Palacha — old town square next to the former Jewish Quarter. Main buildings on the square are the Rudolfinum Concert Hall, the building of the Faculty of Arts or Filozofická fakulta of Charles University, and the building of the Academy of Arts, Architecture and Design or Vysoká škola umělecko-průmyslová.